The Polish Republic (Rzeczpospolita) is declining, there is a danger of partitions, the corrupted Seym leads the country to ruin. The Crown Tribunal gathers in Lublin…Does the contemporary political scene not remind of the 18th c. situation? “Sarmatia” diagnoses the centuries long problems of the Poles. In a light and sometimes grotesque form, it analyses our typical vices and virtues. Our times get reflected in the 17th and 18th c. literature like in a mirror.